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@Read Pdf ⚣ Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide ⛅ From Two Of Our Most Fiercely Moral Voices, A Passionate Call To Arms Against Our Era S Most Pervasive Human Rights Violation The Oppression Of Women And Girls In The Developing WorldFrom Two Of Our Most Fiercely Moral Voices, A Passionate Call To Arms Against Our Era S Most Pervasive Human Rights Violation The Oppression Of Women And Girls In The Developing WorldWith Pulitzer Prize Winners Nicholas D Kristof And Sheryl WuDunn As Our Guides, We Undertake An Odyssey Through Africa And Asia To Meet The Extraordinary Women Struggling There, Among Them A Cambodian Teenager Sold Into Sex Slavery And An Ethiopian Woman Who Suffered Devastating Injuries In Childbirth Drawing On The Breadth Of Their Combined Reporting Experience, Kristof And WuDunn Depict Our World With Anger, Sadness, Clarity, And, Ultimately, HopeThey Show How A Little Help Can Transform The Lives Of Women And Girls Abroad That Cambodian Girl Eventually Escaped From Her Brothel And, With Assistance From An Aid Group, Built A Thriving Retail Business That Supports Her Family The Ethiopian Woman Had Her Injuries Repaired And In Time Became A Surgeon A Zimbabwean Mother Of Five, Counseled To Return To School, Earned Her Doctorate And Became An Expert On AIDSThrough These Stories, Kristof And WuDunn Help Us See That The Key To Economic Progress Lies In Unleashing Women S Potential They Make Clear How So Many People Have Helped To Do Just That, And How We Can Each Do Our Part Throughout Much Of The World, The Greatest Unexploited Economic Resource Is The Female Half Of The Population Countries Such As China Have Prospered Precisely Because They Emancipated Women And Brought Them Into The Formal Economy Unleashing That Process Globally Is Not Only The Right Thing To Do It S Also The Best Strategy For Fighting PovertyDeeply Felt, Pragmatic, And Inspirational, Half The Sky Is Essential Reading For Every Global Citizen Everyone should read this book The stories are present not 10 years ago shocking and inspiring this book is not just about woman s issues, but human issues As the reader, it becomes clear how sexual equality is huge moral struggle today in 2010 around the globe.but many people are beginning to take inspired actions, and we can too.Its a great book to give to our daughters after we read it. I heard a number of people rave about this book, so I was excited to read it By the time I was finished with the first two chapters, I was left with an uncomfortable, almost icky, feeling Not from the subject matter which is disturbing but a topic I have read about extensively , but from the tone of the writing I kept reading, thinking it would get better But soon the book and the uncomfortable feeling became worse, and I started to be able to name the source of the ickiness and my overall discomfort with the book Ethnocentrism Sexism Paternalism Lack of cohesion to the arguments So, most of my review will focus on that BUT, I do have to say that the subject matter the horrors of slavery and rape and the sexism and the poverty that so many people around the world suffer is something that should not be ignored I would rather have people read this book than have no information on these topics at all However, I wish that people would either get their information from another source to begin with or hope that people quickly move on to reading better,open and thoughtful sources on the topics.One thing that rubbed me the wrong way about the writing and the internet now tells me that this is a common complaint about Kristof s writing is the othering of the victims, the painfully western perspective on all things and the paternalistic tone The victims are rarely portrayed as full human beings, but objects whose story begins and ends with their suffering or, perhaps, extends long enough to serve as a success story for the authors or other saviors Rape victims are named, pictures of women in operating rooms are shown, and the privacy of these victimized women is not respected in the way that would be demanded for western subjects Most women in the book are referred to by their first name, most men especially western men are referred to by their last names Yes, there are exceptions, but look at the chapter section on the charity work of Overlake High School a male Newsweek writer and the male school principal are referred to by their last names or full names, a female student by her first name even though the full names of all three were given when introduced This might seem like a small thing, but it is an easy to quantify example of the paternalistic tone the authors take with the women they write about The authors explicitly address that their writing will be anecdote driven in a section explaining sociological research that demonstrated greater action taken by people hearing personal stories than hearing statistics about an issue I will ignore the fact that this infantilizes readers ha, we just need to emotionally manipulate you here rather than actually educate you , and say that it is actually a good thing they mostly avoid statistics because they seem incapable of writing about numbers well In one chapter, they wrote, One experiment.found that after three years family planning programs reduced the average number of births to 5.1 in the target area, compared to 6.7 in the control area Average births per WHAT Per family Per acre Per woman The reference is given in the notes, but it wouldn t have taken that much extra writing or editing to just make the sentence helpful to begin with The lack of consistency if not outright contradictions regarding real, workable solutions to the multitude of problems presented in the book was especially frustrating There is constant proselytizing foreducation for females, but then in a chapter on improving rural health care the authors write, One sensible response to the lack of doctors in rural areas is to start training programs in Africa that produce manyhealth care professionals, but in two or three year programs that don t grant MDs that allow the graduates to find jobs abroad So, besides making extremely broad generalizations about an entire diverse continent, the authors think Africans should be educated enough to help themselves but not enough to participate in the opportunities of the world We westerners should impose limits on how high you Africans can rise, but we will also look down on you for thinking your women are less deserving of opportunity than your men The authors seem to be writing for a U.S audience many of the charity examples are from the U.S., and comments are made about the need for Americans to seeof the world , but there is no discussion of why the U.S., a developed, non Muslim, country with equal voting rights, pretty good health care, and education for women, still has non negligible problems with human trafficking, violence against women, and with disparate quality in maternal health We have outlawed brothels in most states , and yet there is still a problem with women and girls being forced into prostitution against their will Human trafficking in the U.S is a problem, even if the majority of the victims come from other countries Why don t the authors discuss this when proposing better education, harsher laws against brothel owners, and women speaking up as solutions Clearly, there is muchdepth to all of these issues than the authors are willing or able to go into I could go on and on multiple times in each chapter, I have in the margins beside unclear statistics, sexist statements, and contradictory ideas The bottom line is that this is an important book topic, but it has been mangled in the execution While there are some concrete suggestions for how to move forward on these issues, there are also statements such as, If you re a parent, take your kids not just to London but also to India or Africa or to the other side of the tracks in your own hometown Yes, because everyone interested in helping others has the disposable income to travel the world and lives on the right side of the tracks I do hope thatpeople learn about these human rights issues, and I hope that readers who have been inspired by this book also read the criticism by writers like Teju Cole, Elliott Prasse Freeman, Sally Scholz, and Laura Agustin Disclaimer I have not finished the book yet, so if the last chapter has a big twist like in Gone Girl and all the previous chapters need to be re interpreted, then obviously I have missed out Okay, I finished, and if anything I think even less of the book. I think what I want the most this year is for everyone I know to read this book I don t really know what to say about it, except that it is exactly what it should be It s hard to even think for too long about how purposeful and smart Kristof and WuDunn were in structuring and presenting the information they included here because it obviously represents a lifetime of research and investigation, but it comes off as though they re telling campfire stories I don t mean to be disrespectful in describing it that way, and they certainly weren t I just mean that all of the heroes in this book are very vivid to me, and I want to meet them all and do anything I can for them I don t think I m exaggerating when I say I care about human rights for women and girlsthan anything else in the entire world If nothing else, this book is a wonderful resource for information and direction on these issues, but it really is both a storybook and a guidebook.The premise of the book is that the great human rights battle of the twenty first century will be to make women equal around the world The main problems Kristof and WuDunn focus on are child sex trafficking, lack of education for girls, fistulas, and maternal mortality Ultimately, they say spoiler alert that the best ways to fight these injustices are through education, micro finance loans to women entrepreneurs, and, surprisingly enough, getting TVs into rural areas of developing countries.They note that typically the mistake activists make, when trying to motivate people, is overwhelming them with statistics by trying to present the big picture of how the cause affects the world Kristof talks a little bit about this in his article Advice for Saving the World There is some psychological study where the testers took two groups of people and told one group they could help a thousands of people by giving a dollar and told the other group they could help one person by giving a dollar and described that person s situation The test subjects were muchlikely to help the one person than the huge number of people This makes sense to me, because people want to feel successful in helping, not like they re throwing a bunch of money and effort into something that is too big to be solved WuDunn and Kristof managed this by discussing the problems in a very specific format For each issue, they would present the story of one or two women who in some way exemplify the problem, then they would give background information on the problem historically and brief statistics, and then they would tell the story of someone who is successfully fighting the problem Even though I know they were in some ways spoon feeding me by being so purposeful, this was a very inspirational way to write the book They weren t patronizing, and in many ways it is such a substantial topic that I think I need to be spoon fed.All of my stories end up being about Ukraine, probably because the others tend to be boring and depressing It is difficult to know what to write about Half the Sky, because I loved it so much, but it made me think of this little moment with my ninth grade students I used to make my classes write stories together to practice vocabulary, so on Valentine s Day, I made them write a love story I gave them a boy character and a girl character and asked them to describe them They said the girl was tall and strong, had big muscles, short hair, and was very brave The boy had beautiful hair, was graceful, small, and kind I was impressed by them going against the usual gender stereotypes, which I found to be extreme in Ukraine But, then, I thought, they were my favorite class, and always had a good political point or poignant question for me At some point, though, one of the students exclaimed, No No Miss Holley We are wrong These words, boy and girl We are wrong about these words You must move them Then, there was a lot of yelling in Russian, and I laughed pretty hysterically for about 10 minutes at the mistake they had made Obviously, I refused to switch the words, and we had a nice little lesson about how girls can be very brave and boys can be graceful If the kids hadn t been drilled from birth to stay in their seats come hell or high water, I m sure one of them would have forcibly changed the words I guess I m not telling this story to point out how silly it is that some kids think girls have to have long hair Teaching moments are important but, also, I think that really important humanitarian issues can be clouded by the idea that feminism exists because a girl got her feelings hurt I am not married to the word feminism, though I do love it I think, though, there is almost no real way to discuss this topic using a phrase that doesn t typically get disregarded as trivial This book is not about girls opening their own car doors or boys having cooties This book is about slavery and genocide, perpetrated against the female half of the population, which is globally considered subhuman.The most difficult part for me about this entire topic is when women themselves don t want to improve their own lives or the lives of other women There is a small mention in this book about families who have very little food and allow the men to eat first The boys in the family will be healthy and strong, and the girls will eventually be taken to hospitals, wasted and malnourished if they are lucky The mother of the house herself will eat, and the family gets fat on the starvation of the girls This is not only a problem in developing nations Women perpetuating the dehumanizing of other women occurs all over, from West Africa to West Hollywood It bothers me when I meet men who really hate women or women who really hate men, but then I think the person probably had some kind of traumatic experience with the opposite gender and is over stereotyping It seems really disturbing and unnatural to me, however, when women hate other women I don t want that to exist.Now to go uncomfortably personal on y all I finished this book last month, a couple of days after my mom died from an eight year long, horrible illness By the end, her illness was sadder than her death, so I am not saying this for sympathy My mom s life just seems somehow connected to the topic of this book I guess, with any discussion of women, our mothers lives, our own lives, and our relationships with our mothers are very present My mother was a very unhappy person She believed that men should provide and women should be fulfilled by motherhood I don t know if she was unhappy because life didn t live up to that standard, or because she believed women should be unhappy, or maybe even because the universe conspired against her My mom and I were very different and didn t communicate very well There are many things I don t know about her I do know, however, that there wasto her than the unhappy woman I grew up with I believe there isto any woman who dehumanizes herself, or other women, than only the hopelessness and resignation they show to the world.I also think it is possible to create a world that is nurturing to both men and women I don t even think it should be as difficult as it seems There are many things to be discouraged about in the fight to give women human rights but, there are also people who stand up to oppression, helping women around them and women internationally I do not feel discouraged by my mother s disappointments, but I decided to go to law school partly because of them I hope that when I get out I ll be able to advocate for women and girls and help the heroes Kristof and WuDunn talk about in Half the Sky In the meantime, you should read this book and do your part, too even if your part is only hugging your mom and reminding her, if she needs a reminder, that she s a worthwhile human being. Seeing the amount of praise given this book by progressives and conservatives alike, it seems like smug and self righteous really sells Or, perhaps it s that whole journalistic idea if it bleeds, it leads that works to capture the reader s attention Maybe, just maybe, Westerners really know that little about the world outside our borders and the fight for gender equality within and without those borders and this book actually makes them care.While as much as I wish that I could say I liked this book because it brings attention to the war against women the world over, the book is full of controlling images of the poor that are politically useful in a Western context It s a heavy handed, exploitative look at the monolithic third world woman to use Mohanty through the white Western male gaze oh, and the gaze of his WOC wife Kristof clearly feels for the women he writes about, though it reeks of the racist love that Frank Chin describes But, the worst part is the way that he naturalizes the oppression of women without historicizing the ways that neoliberal capitalism and development, colonialism, and the political economy of Western imperialism have helped to create these conditions and not just out there , but for U.S third world women, too.The only reason that this does not get just 1 star is because a the response that people have had to this book is worth noting I take some heart in anything that makes people actually care that women are human, too and b because he does highlight some of the atrocious statistics about women s inequality globally that the particularly, American public just never hears.At best, this book brings light to women s issues and hopefully causes some attention to women s needs in development, and exposes the misogyny of our social world, which I believe can create change At worst, it exploits and re victimizes women by condoning the ideologies of development that often directly result in women s oppression itself Acknowledging that, it doesn t leave me with a very good taste in my mouth Instead, I recommend Firth Murray s From Outrage to Courage The Unjust and Unhealthy Situation of Women in Poor Countries and What They Are Doing About It this is a well written, nuanced understanding of global women s health issues and what s being done by women s rights activists to make woman centered change.