{READ DOWNLOAD} ⚝ The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic õ eBook or E-pub free

Chalmers Johnston s latest current affairs book, The Sorrows of Empire, is about American militarism and the secrecy surrounding it, as well as imperialism In the prologue he says If I overstate the threat, I am sure to be forgiven because future generations will be so glad I was wrong The danger I foresee is that the United States is embarked upon a path no unlike that of the former Soviet Union during the 1980s The USSR collapsed for three basic reasons internal economic contradictions driven by ideological rigidity, imperial overstretch and an inability to reform Because the United States is far wealthier, it may take longer for similar afflictions to do their work But the similarities are obvious and it is nowhere written that the United States, in its guise as an empire dominating the world, must go on forever.And I do think he overstates his case, when he suggests, that, among other things, America might have gone to war with Afghanistan even if 9 11 hadn t happened, in order to prop up a government that would secure oil and natural gas transportation from Central Asia through Afghanistan to the gulf He also suggests that North Korea and Iran are still viable targets for invasion But he isconvincing when describes American militarism with exhaustive examples and statistics about the spending and number of bases throughout the world And he challenges the existence of these bases, as to what end they are for He is especially persuasive when talking about bases in Japan and Korea I agree with him that we might eventually see America pull out of Korea, and that relations between Okinawa and the US would drastically improve if they reduced the number of bases and gave back some of the claimed land.I also thought he was good at describing the history of imperialism in America as it goes back to Woodrow Wilson and the Spanish War from which we acquired Guam, Saipan, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, etc under the guise of being on a mission to democratizing the world Wilson he states hasthan any figure provided the intellectual foundations for an interventionist foreign policy expressed in humanitarian and democratic rhetoric to justify American imperial power in terms of exporting democracy sound familiar He makes this astute observation To this day, the Philippines resemble Okinawa farthan they do Taiwan, which has become one of the richest and most industrialized nations in East Asia Taiwan is an example of what Okinawa and the Philippines might have become had the US not played a neocolonial role.Further, he illustrates many examples where American meddling has resulted in blowback or at least a failure of considering the long range reactions of meddling in other countries affairs with Greece, Iran, Central America and the Middle East I also found his chapter on Whatever Happen To Globalism interesting and thought provoking Here he suggests Our government seems not to grasp the relationship between its military unilateralism and collateral damage it is doing to international commerce, an activity that depends on mutually beneficial relationships among individuals, business, and countries to function well.Will they ever It was an interesting and challenging read about the state we re in. A harsh and critical look at U.S foreign policy and current cultural atmosphere While much of Johnson s book seems like the unashamed, far left kooky America bashing, I believe that he has hit onto something that few Americans would like to admit that the presidency and the military exercise farpower in our country than is healthy for a democratic republic like ours For example, his two chapters titled The Institutions of American Militarism and Surrogate Soldiers and Private Mercenaries is so damning that you can only hope that it is not completely true However, Johnson does go too far at times Many times he impugns Pres Clinton for being a sort of stealth imperialist when I just don t see that being so Nor do I like how Johnson seems to imply that every military base we have in foreign lands has some hidden imperialist agenda Could we do a better job of making sure our soldiers don t harm local populations while deployed, of course But that doesn t mean that every soldier we have deployed in the world is some how evil, as Johnson seems to imply throughout Despite taking his argument too far at times, I feel that this book should be read by anyone who is truly interested in finding out what is wrong with our country. Sorrows of Empire, Militarism, Secrecy and the end of the Republic by Chalmers Johnson book reviewThe second installment in Chalmer Johnson s trilogy of book A book where Johnson pulls no punches as he delves into the history of US imperialism The theme of Johnson s writings is to indulge the reader into the uncomfortable realities and histories of a supposed liberty minded republic and its hegemonic intentions upon the wider world Though no Manifest Destiny has been declared outright, it is assumed that most regions and events in the world belong in the domain of the United States Johnson like many other writers, most with a left tilting pen, exhibit histories distant and recent that depict this gruesome reality Though despite many such good books on the subject and an excessive of evidence the mainstream continues to seem oblivious, whether the ignorance is an omission of choice or one of religious adherence to nationalism Regardless outside the voting borders of the USA a wider world exists that watches and is not seduced by the prose of founding fathers or freedom dense speeches performed by the many elected executives whose regimes each oversaw mass murder, invasions and economic meddling s far and wide War and empire as Chalmers show in this book is a constant in US history The intended readers are Americans but this is what the America that they do not wish to see is known for by the rest of us Written in 2003 it was a book fresh in the genesis of the modern American military age, the period known as the War on Terror After the 2001 attacks on the US, where a known terror group through intrigue, menace and planning managed to murder thousands of US citizens resulting in a new period of self righteous endless war, not for just the USA but its allies and proxies Johnson warns of the widening implications of such a crusaders vengeance He even suggests that it was likely that the US would have invaded Afghanistan regardless Bin Laden s presence there after the 2001 attacks In his 1998 book Blowback his prediction was that an attack would come from East Asia out of a response to US foreign policy in that region, regardless an attack did come Just this one was from the greater Middle East Just like East Asia those in Central and the Middle East have suffered directly and over time indirectly thanks to the many policies and aggressions by the United States For many who do not remember the past five years it would be hard to expect them to have taken note of the 1990s, let alone decades before Johnson wants you and them to know, not siding or sympathising with any agents of vengeance he simply illustrates the factual actions conducted by a government unchecked as a restless superpower full of hubris and supported by many of its tax paying voters in the belief that the world is its buffer zone A buffer zone it turns out from its own consequences.Having survived a stand off between the Soviet Union with a cold war full of hot moments and interventions and hand shakes with dictators known only as being righteous for their anti communist posturing the United States looked to new threats and investments in military justification Iraq in 1990 was an adequate villain commencing as in its pariah status, a former ally, did so as it threatened the security of the dictatorships of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States Johnson spends time on this era and period as it is relevant to when the book was written and unlike now, should have still been fresh on many minds Even the lazy observer In 2003 such a book would have been a coherent dissenting read unlike many of the contrarian partisan garble produced simply because they were anti Bush, then again so close to the attacks most were red white and blue all the way to Baghdad Johnson does not write with any partisan limitations His interest is in revealing foreign policy facts, not omitting those performed under his preferred regimes tenure Johnson at points reads like Chomsky for better an worse in that Johnson knows much but lacks a consistent focus The energy and passion of his mind and his ability to contain knowledge fall into the pages yet never once does a place or period get enough information, it is all very introductory and most importantly a place for one to scratch This is likely a reflection of the expansive nature of the history of the US empire So for those seeking one, it is a concise and compact read, an overlay Those yearningit is a repeat of knowns while also being an inspiration for investigation Unlike many other books of a similar nature it does not read like a compilation of articles or essays, even if by the same author It is very much a book that fits well together Using the easy to handle comparisons between the Roman Republic to when it became an Empire, it is a contrast of similarities that is not uncommon but is simplistic Johnson uses it at times as a theme though it is not needed The United States is not as exceptional as its many devoted champions believe it to be but at the same time it is it s very own historical and present anomaly of power and moments As others in the past andrecent times have done with the US and other modern empires the Roman analogy is clunky But perhaps this helps it to become aready to digest congestion of facts if others can use their basic knowledge of ancient Rome to overlay on modern United States, then Rubicon and Latin expressions can edge their way as credible expressions and descriptions Just as modern politics fixes gate to the end of each trending event, so to do many historians use Roman history as a pronouncement for the now For Johnson it feels unnecessary Like with his prior books Johnson dedicates the closing chapters to economics and his interpretations of the morality of certain economic principles Though he spends so much time on centrally planned mayhem in the guise of militarism and interventions he then condemns free markets or at least the rhetorical promise of them As he does illustrate the mercantilist protectionism of the US and British Empires had very little free markets in practice, yet he still attaches them to globalisation and lassie faire capitalism He condemns the free market without having given it any examples of practical implementation It is here that the book reads with an anti capitalist tome, which is relevant for the subject of exploitation yet so too would the command economy that helps to fund the military and constrains the populaces of the domestic and foreign people subjugated to rule Johnson is right to point out however that while some are expected to suffer sanctions and their own economic devices, others are endowed with subsidies, loans, incentives, protectionism and a mixed economy of much debt marred with some form of free markets in specific sectors all the while the US proclaims its vision of economic philosophy is the best Though despite proclamations and contrast to communism never in actual reality has the confidence of faith in such freedom to practice itself or for its allies This is not so much a critic of a free market never allowed to exist but in those who pretend to obey an Adam Smith, let alone a Hayek while instead looking towards Keynes, Mussolini and Friedman all converged in a mutant expression of American economic exceptionalism Regardless it is a strong book and as always Johnson delivers his blows well.85% The recently deceased Chalmers Johnson was a former CIA man turned apostate from the American Imperial project This book is an account of the American Empire, its flaws and weaknesses It s rather well documented, to the point where one wants to skip some of the details Johnson also adopts, with the zeal of a convert, some of the nostrums of the Left.That said, this is a well documented and largely accurate account of where we are, which is in a very bad place We failed to take account of what the demise of the Soviet Union meant, and went on with the National Security State, our out of control military expenditures, and our Presidentially driven foreign adventures as if we still had a main enemy, when the Pogo clich enemy is, of course, us By hollowing out our manufacturing industries, depleting our culture and genes with too much immigration, engaging in needless and unwinnable wars, empowering speculators and Ponzifiers, and devouring our seed corn, we have set the stage for the Empire s demise Our political class is utterly unable to manage these dark times Be afraid. Like the previous book, not all that focused on what the title describes It s basically a history of US military, imperialism, and militarism It often has a lot of unnecessary detail, and lacks a clear structure.66% Bascially, this is a tedious argument for isolationism and unilateral withdrawal from the world, since we are at the heart of all the planet s problems at least according to Chalmers and that most of our problems stem from our military and the economic and political forces tied up in the military industrial complex The problem with the argument is not that one can t make a reasonable case for such a position it is that Chaulmers does not For example, he translates the global web of American bases into an oppressive global army of occupation, one forcing the global system down people s throats and creating a military that has few ties to the American Republic Could it not be that we have global interests That these bases and the military forces they host serve as stabiliing agents That, if there is a disconnect between the military and the public it is because of low rates of participation in the services and the reflexive hatred of the military by a segment of the Ameriocan population and, the we support the troops boilerplate doesn t pass muster when it is tied to accusations of war crimes, atrocities, etc That we are actually in the midst of a global restructuring of basing as we move from Cold War positions that were built up over decades and helped prevent a general war to a post Cold War model, in which the areas of anarchy are our main focus Chaulmers just approaches the issue from the point of view that American militarism is the problem and that America is building a brutal, plutocratic empire , rather than calmly examining some of the real issues with our foreign relations and the relationship between the civil and military cultures in America.For better books on some of the problems we face and how current policies are not addressing them, check out books like Imperial Hubris by Scheuer or Cobra II by Michael Gordon and Gen Bernard Trainor ret USMC But give this book a pass. Empire of Bases This book really does prove the devil is in the detail There s nothing I didn t already have some category of grasp on across the chapters Johnson lays out in Sorrows, and yet I still learned an immense amount about the American Empire This is staggeringly impressive given this was written in 2003, just after the second Iraq had begun Fifteen years hasn t blunted this attack on Washington s Militarism and secrecy in the slightest.The scale of coverage Johnson goes into regarding the USA s Military bases historical and contemporary relationships with oil rich states as well as an absolutely outstanding chapter that clearly lays out the Neoliberal paradigm and it s build up to the turn of the century is what pushes this into the must read category for me Readers can pick this up independently, or as part of the trilogy Johnson wrote starting with Blowback 2000 , and ending with Nemesis 2006 I absolutely intend to read the other two.Other readers should heavily consider reading this as a means of understanding the military foreign policy of the worlds sole remaining super power in all its intricacies There werethan a few moments I found myself stopping my reading to just take in a new revealing bit of information I highly doubt I ll be alone in these moments if you read this to. Amazing book about militarism in the United States You d think that after the U.s.s.r fell we d have spent less money on the military uh, no We have something like 1,000 military bases around the world where the laws of their locations do not apply The last two chapters are about economic Globalization in the 90 s and military globalization in this decade I never really understood the concept of globalization and why people rallied against it and the IMF and the world bank The last two chapters really spell that out A very good book I discovered it because of it s a part of a series of books called the american empire project A question of torture was a book I heard of on NPR 3 or 4 years ago and remembered it, and then read it, and on the inside back cover it mentioned the american empire project and that s how I found this book If your a little scared of these days but don t exactly know why i d check this book out. {READ DOWNLOAD} ⚧ The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic × Impressive A Powerful Indictment Of US Military And Foreign Policy Los Angeles Times Book Review, Front PageIn The Years After The Soviet Union Imploded, The United States Was Described First As The Globe S Lone Superpower, Then As A Reluctant Sheriff, Next As The Indispensable Nation, And In The Wake Of, As A New Rome In This Important National Bestseller, Chalmers Johnson Thoroughly Explores The New Militarism That Is Transforming America And Compelling Us To Pick Up The Burden Of EmpireRecalling The Classic Warnings Against Militarism From George Washington S Farewell Address To Dwight Eisenhower S Denunciation Of The Military Industrial Complex Johnson Uncovers Its Roots Deep In Our Past Turning To The Present, He Maps America S Expanding Empire Of Military Bases And The Vast Web Of Services That Support Them He Offers A Vivid Look At The New Caste Of Professional Militarists Who Have Infiltrated Multiple Branches Of Government, Who Classify As Secret Everything They Do, And For Whom The Manipulation Of The Military Budget Is Of Vital InterestAmong Johnson S Provocative Conclusions Is That American Militarism Is Already Putting An End To The Age Of Globalization And Bankrupting The United States, Even As It Creates The Conditions For A New Century Of Virulent Blowback The Sorrows Of Empire Suggests That The Former American Republic Has Already Crossed Its Rubicon With The Pentagon In The Lead Lots of essential facts about the military expansion of the US empire, written by a former conservative turned anti imperialist.